Read the latest posts from Wordsmith.

from notes?

Links to do with Language:

From questions of how language is approached – aka defined?

(eg, while we use the term “language” in connection to humans sharing ideas, memories, means of communications, ways to inform and coordinate, and suchlike, “language” is also used in a wider range of sequences.)

How is language to be approached?











Motion's language? https://www.jstor.org/stable/30225400?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

https://wave.umww.com/assets/pdf/wave_8-the-language-of-content.pdf (a dead links?)


Bubbles' physics and language? https://neurosciencenews.com/language-bubble-physics-7168/



Stones? Language? https://monoskop.org/images/a/ad/Caillois_Roger_The_Writing_of_Stones.pdf (a book)

DNA as a language? http://nautil.us/blog/is-dna-the-language-of-the-book-of-life



Culinary language? http://www.supercook.org/CULINARY_FACTS/language_1.asp

Transportation – language? http://dusp.mit.edu/cdd/project/transportation-language


Language and drinking languages? https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319813.php



Language and the economy?





Legal lingo? https://lexresearchhub.com/q-a-define-legal-language-b-nature-and-scope-of-legal-language-c-importance-of-language-in-law/

Spaces language? https://www.evolutionatwork.org/language-of-spaces

Language and + of time? https://www.popsci.com/consent.php?redirect=https%3a%2f%2fwww.popsci.com%2flanguage-time-



from nomadic?


A few days before leaving, someone at the hostel introduced themselves as: Vlad.

Is this a short for Vladimir? I asked with an innocent tone, to hopefully deflect any possible other interpertations. LOL was it wrong. Sure, they got the innocent question idea – however it turned out a bit of a harsh issue. An issue that, for Vlad, was the very question of Romanian uniqueness and interval from slavic languages, people and cultures.

Vald was keen to underline that regardless of whether his name was shortened from Vladimir – it has become it's own name, and Romanian as such.

This comes as part of other snippets and conversations I've had – when people seemed to have a bit of a slight against slavic connections in general and russians in particular. These are relatively young people who did not endure the so called communist period.

When I was in Cyprus, people talked about russian digital companies taking over – and people i happened to chat with, didn't feel entirely relaxed about that. More over, some expressed regret these aren't british companies – since in their eyes, being beholden to the brits is much preferable than to russians. Why do russians, seemingly, have such a negative rep?

Going back to Romania, where the term for Yes is Da – and everybody knows it is taken from russian – yet to hear someone saying Romanian should get into a more Latin kind of Yes, Si?


from nomadic?

Another curious thing re Bucharest is the prevalence of MegaImage supermarkets. Some places have them every few meters. Seriously. Just across the road from one another. One is the express version, the other full blown store. Then, walk a few tens meters, maybe 100 at the most – and another MegaImage.

Seems that other supermarkets have a similar logo – does it make that logo-image, Mega?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Food_Lion https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maxi_(Serbian_supermarket)

or just a manifestation of the parent company's meganess?



from terms opener?


Ever felt a violence from a dictionary? Nope

Well.. Ever been in an exchange about words, say difference between rocks and stones, when someone had an idea to the tune of: “Hey. Let see how the dictionary defines rocks, shall we?” ..and following the dictionary idea – the conversation became Beholden by a particular interpretation-come-dictated-definition of the discussed words.

Well.. That's just a definition, not violence.

Sure, some people may not feel Beholden, or even Compelled by one definition or another, and perhaps for them the notion of a Dictionary is smooth and fab. However, what with people that might feel unease? An uncomfortable sense from the obvious link between the terms “Dictionary” and “Dictator” – indeed by the usage of dictionaries to dictate – litterly and metaphorically – how words are. Perhaps language is, as Roland Barthes mentioned – Fascistic: “Language is neither reactionary nor progressive; it is quite simply fascist; for fascism does not prevent speech, it compels speech.”

However, it could also be that, one way to overcome this fascism, as Catherine Malabou concludes – is through being free while in prison. https://youtu.be/hcSAp-nBwR8

One of the concerns here, IMHO, is that once compulsion is accepted, practised and culturally refined – we are, in fact, approve of fascism at every turn, fold and beat of life.

Such is life. What would you say if it was proved that fascism or some other way of authoritarianism – is just how Life is? Will you be against the sun?

Yes. Sometimes it is hard to perceive beyond certain rhythm, repetitions arrest as well. However, the beings that might be alive by the time the sun's inevitable doom is tangible – will they not attempt to somehow disorient their lives around the sun's daily show? In other words -even if authoritarianism is the way life is, does it not worth while making other ways to live?


Would you like to be slapped?

LOL.. Mostly not.. ;)

Would you like to feel controlled?

Still.. Mostly not :)

Well.. Is it not curious how – somehow in a similar auto emergent kind of action – living beings seem to attempt resisting capture?

However, they are captured!

Yes.. And perhaps then spend lives attempting to experience their inevitable release – something that, in itself feeds back to violence as a person finds themselves attempting to compel their prisons' masters to let go.

In my mind, even words, with their own kind of lives – while being captured by tools like dictionaries, tend to escape. At times, the scape is a dead term. Other ways include forms of evolution like:

regeneration (Check terms popularity tools), changing meanings (eg, Gay, as in Happy – gaining that extra way of referencing not so sex binary bound people) and becoming new words (eg, geoluread, aka yellow-red, evolving into Orange).

Other approaches to Dictionary?

A few terms that, at the time of writing, while being used – were not in an english dictionary? https://ideas.ted.com/20-words-that-arent-in-the-dictionary-yet/

A list of words that were interpreted wrongly – yet became dictionary approved. (Curious to note that the discussion prior to the said list, contains an attempt to lay off concerns about language being anarchic.) https://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2013/02/08/when-does-wrong-become-right/

One pre-dictionary, as a term, dictionary* is: Amarakosha Perhaps apt to note that the term invokes the idea of words being alive yet somehow immortal – out of the evolutionary flow. (My interpretation of immortality, ofcourse..)


* The word “dictionary” was invented by an Englishman called John of Garland in 1220 — he had written a book Dictionarius to help with Latin “diction” (from wikipedia)


from nomadic?

Sofia initial notes?

Links collection from attempting to check places to bounce from in Sofia:





Art/culture linked:

https://credobonum.bg/en from their site: Credo Bonum Foundation & Gallery hosts international initiatives. We are open to joint projects with partners and followers who will help us achieve our goal.

http://nationalgallery.bg/ – national art museum, or socialist art?

https://initlab.org/ – a hackerspace. Seems they do some music/sound stuff.

http://www.fondazionefotografia.org – a photography place.

There's a place called Anima Art gallery on the google map.https://goo.gl/maps/K6XntjvdUvGhv19A6 The link is to some Japanese site: http://anima-artgallery.com/ Curious??

Pentimento art gallery – no data but an image..?

Something that looks like graffiti and is called “Profesor Fimitrov”

http://www.culturelab-bg.com/ateliers-bg_id_15 – a culture, lab?

http://www.sofiahistorymuseum.bg/en/ – a sofia history museum

A few links to do with Bulgarian lingo basics.



Note to self: Make, err, notes from these language sheets .. (I tend to pick up a few words to begin with.)


from nomadic?

Notes from Bucharest?

An architectural salad?

It depends, roughly, which sector one is at. eg, into modernist come brutalist buildings – Sector 6. Into Bauhaus based architecture? Sector 4. Into more post-modern looking buildings, perhaps check Sector 1 or 2? In all these cases though, bare in mind the distance from town centre. It seems like the more near the Old city one gets, architecture salad – as in mixed styles – becomes less rare.

Here's a 4 flavoured one. Taken from the cafe i happen to be typing in.

(Other such salads, be it of other flavours, seem to be everywhere.)


from dudaflict?

The need to step over something at an entrance to something like a cafe. A person with most wheelchairs will likely be compelled to ask for assistance.

When I have an option to do things by myself rather than with and through assistance, it seems dignified to do myself. That is different from, say, collaborations when people assist one another. (Once we remain assistive oriented.) Should it feel any different to a person in a wheelchair? Indeed – should it be different when sorting a solution for all seems rather simple?


from dudaflict?

About this blog?

Ever felt being affected by violent inflictions daily kind of thing?

At times these are subtle inflictions that come through various means. Un intentional – eg a look that gazes through one's personal space? Assumptions – eg an act directed at a person by another – assuming you'd be OK with the activity without asking? Presumptions - eg attempts to corner – aka label – a person? Lack of consideration - eg talking over another?

This hopefully provides a taste for how the gist for the motivation comes about. Please note that the examples are marked as questions – since there's always a sense that perhaps a person is being a bit sensitive for stuff in a way that violates another. Its seems that as questions, theres a clear opening for an invite, an offer for a chat.

Let's sing a bit?


from a-small-medic

Originally submitted as a piece of reflective writing, edited for brevity and detail. There's another part of this which I didn't submit... for another day.

Tags: #reflectivewriting

This was fracture clinic, and the registrar and I had a plan. The orthopaedic registrar, H, and me looked through files in an odd-shaped room. The air hung still and muggy despite cracking open the door to the side room. Today's patients had mostly been referred from the Emergency Department, and so were new to H.

“Why don't you talk to this patient, take a history, then when you're ready to present, come in and tell me what you found?”

I went out to the waiting room and spotted the first patient immediately. Not a difficult task, as he was the only patient there. I had my standard spiel ready to go: a self-introduction, asking if I could take a history. Most patients are told early on that they should expect students to do this, and most are amenable, if slightly amused. He, however, adamantly refused. I took him in to see the registrar directly, to the registrar's bemusement.

As with all other patients, the registrar started taking a history – but the patient was oddly bristly. He was vague about how he had injured himself. When asked about his occupation, the patient interrupted: “No! We are wasting time! What I do is not relevant!”

“That's fine, let's move on to the examination. Could you take your jacket off please…”

H began inspection, but narrated what he was doing, as was his habit with medical students.

The patient interrupted: “I am in a lot of pain, you are wasting time by explaining to the student!”

The patient was physically imposing, and at that moment he stood between us and the only exit. I forgot the stuffiness, the traffic droning outside; I could only focus on the space each of us was taking up. I offered to leave, but H stood his ground. He explained that students were a welcome part of the team. He explained that this kind of behaviour was unacceptable in the clinic. The patient started shouting: this was his right to have whoever he wanted in the clinic, and if he wanted me to get out, I should get out.

I never felt physically unsafe during that aborted consultation, but I did feel threatened by his aggression, even by the size of the room. However, what contributed most of all to the feeling of threat was the divergence from the usual pattern.

Placement is supposed to be a safe learning space. We are often supervised by experienced clinicians, and can get immediate feedback if we make mistakes. Placement is inherently unpredictable, though, because any clinical encounter is unpredictable. People are complex, both patients and staff. While I initially treated events such as cancelled clinics and over-running ward rounds as nuisances, I realised that this stemmed from an understaffed system with many moving parts. These were, at least, benign, something we would laugh off.

This unpredictability meant that there were occasions during placement that genuinely made me feel threatened or fearful. Fear sneaks in during the seconds between approaching an intimidating nurse or consultant to ask for a favour. Fear sneaks in, in the moments before doing a procedure – hitherto only practiced on mannequins and anatomical models – on a real patient. Fear sneaks in when encountering a completely new situation with no clear solution, with no clear way out.

In that stuffy fracture clinic, fear snuck in, in the seconds between realising something was wrong and this patient being aggressive, because there was no telling what he was going to do. What if I had been in one of the side rooms alone, or H had gone out to run an errand, or if I had misunderstood the patient's intentions?

H never managed to calm the patient down. Instead, he got myself and then himself to leave the clinic room because he realised the conversation was going nowhere. The nurses got the other consultants in clinic – all as imposing as the patient – to talk to the patient.

When we returned to the now-empty clinic room, the patient had left with a new appointment with a new consultant. H did not immediately move on to the next patient on the list straight away, though: we talked about what had just happened. H spoke about the times that he had to disengage because he knew he was going to lose control. We discussed tactics for recognising when it was time to leave. We talked about de-escalation, from using non-verbal communication to choosing your physical position in the room carefully. It was humbling to realise that, with the same communication skills drilled into us from first year, a potential heated argument could at least be cooled down enough for myself to leave and escalate to someone more senior.

I realise now that our conversation was a form of debriefing. It helped separate the fear and perceived threat from the actual event history, and it was a chance for me to ask questions about why H did what he had done. More importantly, it was a space for me to formulate an approach if I ever found myself in a similar situation.

In an overstaffed, underfunded system fraying at the seams, there is reason enough for patients to be anger, justifiably so. I know meeting angry patients is inevitable. So when I next step into a room with the atmosphere electrified with hostility, I think I will see the same stuffy room again, and I hope I remember the gentle but firm way H tried to talk the situation down. If I find myself with a student encountering the prickly end of clinical unpredictability for the first time, I hope I remember what H did, and help them navigate these situations with grace and good humour.


from Kearsey Wingard

The closest known deceased relatives of today’s humans were Neanderthals and Denisovans. A bone fragment, possibly belonging to a teenage girl, discovered in a Siberia by scientists uncovers the first found hybrid. DNA evidence confirms interbreeding, which was only hinted in previous genetic studies. Archeological digs revealed that Neanderthals and Denisovans lived in Eurasia, Neanderthal bones dating from 200,000 to 40,000 years old found mostly in western Eurasia and Denisovans bones dating from 200,000 to 30,000 years old discovered in eastern Eurasia

Archeologists discovered a fossil in 2012 in Denisova Cave, named “Denisova 11,” and researchers studied proteins removed from it and over 2,000 other fossils from Denisova Cave, which revealed the fragment came from a human. The thickness of the exterior of the fragment suggested that Denisova 11 belong to a girl, being at least 13 years old when she died, although radiocarbon dating suggested it was over 50,000 years old.

Source: “Neanderthals and Denisovans Mated, New Hybrid Bone Reveals”, Charles Q. Choi, August 22nd, 2018 https://www.livescience.com/63400-neanderthals-denisovans-mated-leg-bone.html

from Kearsey Wingard

A new phenomenon like the aurora borealis called STEVE (Strong Thermal Emission Velocity Enhancement) is created by an electric field pointing poleward in the upper hemisphere and a magnetic field pointing downward, and they work together to make a drift going west. The ionosphere pulls solar particles to hit the neutral particles and they heat up, which makes the streaks of light.

Researchers first discovered STEVE after a Canadian Facebook group named the Alberta Aurora Chasers posted pictures of unusual vertical streaks of light in the sky, and they worked with the group to find out what conditions caused the phenomenon.

Source: “Meet ‘Steve,’ the Aurora-Like Mystery Scientists Are Beginning to Unravel”, Sarah Lewin, https://www.space.com/39968-steve-aurora-mystery-explained.html

from Kearsey Wingard

The Little Albert experiment was a renowned psychology experiment led by a behaviorist, John B. Watson, and a graduate student named Rosalie Rayner.

They conducted classical conditioning on a 9-month-old infant called Little Albert by presenting him with a white laboratory rat and paired it with a loud sound, to which he became afraid and instantly cried when the rat alone was presented to him after repeated loud noises associated with the rat, and conditioned him to be afraid of things with similarities to the rat (i.e., Santa Claus’ beard).

In conclusion, Albert was conditioned to have an emotional response when the rat or things similar in appearance were shown.

Source: “The Little Albert Experiment”, Kendra Cherry, https://www.verywellmind.com/the-little-albert-experiment-2794994